Provincial Offences

Federal offences are offences under the laws of Canada enacted by Parliament in Ottawa. Examples are an impaired driving charge under the Criminal Code or a marijuana offence under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. Provincial offences are offences under the...

Dog Owners’ Liability

In Ontario, dog owners may find themselves liable to pay for the wrongful acts of their dogs. The Dog Owners’ Liability Act governs the situation. The Act provides that a dog owner is liable for damages resulting from a bite or attack by the dog on another person or...

Off-Road Vehicles Act

The Off-Road Vehicles Act came into force in 1983. The legislation was enacted in response to pressure from municipalities wanting provincial legislative regulation of trail bikes and other motorized off-highway vehicles which were not already licensed under other...

Officially Induced Error

Consider this scenario. A retailer in the big city is in the risky business of selling videos which are close to the line. He is careful to sell only videos which have been approved by the Ontario Film Review Board. In fact, he regularly seeks and pays for the film...